50 in 2013

By | Jul 1, 2013

These will turn 50 in 2013

Push Button Phones
On November 18, 1963, the first electronic push-button system with Touch-Tone dialing was offered by Bell Telephone to customers in Carnegie and Greensburg, Pennsylvania. It only had 10 buttons. The * and # was not added until 1968.

Smiley Face
Harvey Ball, an American commercial artist, was employed by State Mutual Life Assurance Company of Worcester, Massachusetts (now known as Hanover Insurance) to create a happy face to raise the morale of the employees. Ball created the design in ten minutes.

Zip Codes
The Zoning Improvement Plan was developed by the United Postal Service was announced on April 30, 1963 and went into effect on July 1, 2013.
According to USPS, “The first digit designated a broad geographical area of the United States, ranging from zero for the Northeast to nine for the far West. This number was followed by two digits that more closely pinpointed population concentrations and those sectional centers accessible to common transportation networks. The final two digits designated small Post Offices or postal zones in larger zoned cities.”

“I Have a Dream”

It was on August 28, 1963 that Reverend Martin Luther King gave his most famous speech to a gathering of 200,000 people in Washington DC. I have a dream that one day this nation will rise up and live out the true meaning of its creed: ‘We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal.’ I have a dream that the sons of former slaves and the sons of former slave owners would sit together at the table of brotherhood.”

First Women in Space
26-year-old Lieutenant Valentina Tereshkova became the first female (human) cosmonaut, when the Soviet Union sent her to circle the Earth 43 times in the Vostok 6 spaceship on June 16, 1963. Not only was she the first woman in space she was also the first civilian.

New Fractions of Time
New fraction of a second were introduced. Theses included the nanosecond (a billionth of a second), picoseconds (trillionths of a second) and femtoseconds (1 x 10-15 of a second).

Doctor Who
On November 23, 1963, one day after the assassination of President John F. Kennedy, the BBC broadcasted the first episode of Doctor Who.


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