William and Mary

By | Apr 11, 2012

William and his wife, as well as first cousin, Mary had their Coronation as co-rulers of the Kingdom of England on April 11, 1689. They ruled together until her death on December 28, 1694.

William Henry of Orange was born in The Hague in the Dutch Republic on November 14, 1650. He was the only child of William II, Prince of Orange, and Mary, Princess Royal, the eldest daughter of King Charles I of England, Scotland and Ireland, and sister of King Charles II and King James II & VII.

Mary was born at St. James Palace in London on 30 April 1662. She was the eldest daughter of James, Duke of York and the future James II of England.

King James II was forced to abdicate his throne in 1688 after he had produced a Catholic heir. James had converted from Church of England against the wishes of many people of the Kingdom and the English Parliament. He fled England when his son-in-law invaded the kingdom.

While they were considered co-rulers, when William was in England he was the principal leader taking advice from his wife. However when William was away during military campaigns she proved herself to be a powerful, firm, and effective ruler.

The College of William and Mary, located in Williamsburg, Virginia was founded in 1693 by a royal charter issued by King William III and Queen Mary II. It is the second-oldest institution of higher education in the United States. Only Harvard University founded in 1636 is older.


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