The 19th Amendment – A Right to Vote

By | Jan 9, 2011

When Tennessee voted in favor of the 19th Amendment to the US Constitution, the 36th state to do so, all citizens of the United States were granted the right to vote. Prior to this day many states in the union had not granted women the right to vote.

The text of the amendment is simple and reads:

The right of citizens of the United States to vote shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any State on account of sex.

Congress shall have power to enforce this article by appropriate legislation.

Since that date every state has formally ratified the amendment, although the remaining ones did not have to do so. The last, Mississippi vote in favor of the amendment on March 22, 1984. They were one of 8 states to have rejected the passage of the amendment prior to its ratification.

The legality of the amendment was brought to the Supreme Court in 1922 in the case Leser v. Garnett. The case involved three claims:
* The power to amend the Constitution did not cover this amendment, due to its character.
* Several states which ratified the amendment had Constitutions which prohibited women from voting, rendering them unable to ratify an amendment to the contrary.
* The ratifications of Tennessee and West Virginia were invalid, because they were adopted without following the rules of legislative procedure in place in those states.

The Supreme Court lead by Chief Justice and Former President William Howard Taft unanimously denied the claims allowing the amendment to stand.

The amendment took two votes in each house to pass. On January 9, 1918 the House passed the amendment by a narrow mark, but the Senate, who didn’t begin debate on it until October voted it down, three votes from passage. The issue became a major one during the 1918 election and after the election he Senate found itself pro-suffage. By June 4, 1919 the Senate approved the amendment.


!

Thank You for Reading

Leave a Comment

If you would like to make a comment, please fill out the form below.

Name (required)

Email (required)

Website

Comments

WordPress Themes by DBT - Copyright © 2007-2017 6 Things To Consider. All Rights Reserved.