The President’s Residence

By | Oct 13, 2009

The cornerstone for the home of the President of the United States was laid on October 13, 1792.

The location of the capital city was approved by Congress on July 16, 1790. Charles L’Enfant, a French Planner, designed the city and choose the site for the Presidential Residence.

Even though the President’s Resident was being called the White House as early as 1809, it wasn’t until 1902 that Theodore Roosevelt officially adopted the term.

George Washington was the only President not to live in the White House, although John Adams nearly didn’t as well. Adams moved into the unfinished structure on November 1, 1800. Adams would lose the election of 1800 and move out before Thomas Jefferson took residence on March 4, 1801.

Several designs proposals were submitted to Congress, including one from Jefferson. The selected design was by James Hoban, an Irish emigrant architect living in Charleston, South Carolina and featured the Palladian style popular in Europe.

After the house was burned by invading British troops in 1814 the structure was rebuilt and enlarged under the direction of Hoban and in 1817 James Monroe reoccupied the house.


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