American Political Parties in The 1840s

By | Feb 18, 2009

The period between the election of 1824 and 1860 was in many ways a turbulent time for politics and the political party system. In the 1840s there were a number of them established and in some cased failed. Here are 5 of the parties of the 1840s.

Democratic-Republican Party
The Democratic-Republican Party was one of the first political parties in the United States formed in 1792 by Thomas Jefferson and James Madison. After the election of 1824 when the House of Representatives named John Quincy Adams President, the party split following the two men Adams and Andrew Jackson. Those who followed Andrew Jackson or Jacksonians continued to use the Democratic-Republican name until 1832, when they just used Republican. During the 1830s they used all three names and in 1844 officially called themselves the Democratic Party. The name that they still use.

Whig Party
The Whig Party was formed in 1833 against the Democratic-Republican Party under the direction of Andrew Jackson. While it had some high profile members and had two Presidents elected it was a splintered party that could not weather the deaths of Henry Clay and Daniel Webster in 1852.

American Republican Party
The American Republican Party was founded in 1843 in New York City. The party ran on a platform of nativism. They were opposed to the advancement of immigrants who had become naturalized citizens of the United States and were running for political offices.

Native American Party
The Native American Party was the name that the American Republican Party took when they became a national party in 1845. By 1855 they renamed itself the American Party or Know Nothing.

Free Soil Party
The Free Soil Party was formed with a anti-slavery ideology and drew its member from the Democratic and declining Whig Parties. They were only active for 8 years from 1848-1854 with former President Martin Van Buren as their candidate for President in 1848 and John Hale in 1852.


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