The City of Chicago

By | Aug 12, 2008

When the City of Chicago was first organized on August 12, 1833 the town had a population of 350. The City was incorporated on March 4, 1836 and by 1840 it had a population of over 4000.

Even before this time the area around Chicago had seen a plenty of European activity. In 1683 because of its location between the Chicago River, which flowed into the Great lakes and the Des Plaines River, which flows into the Mississippi River, French explorers felt as if it could be a Transportation Hub.

This idea was abandoned but by the late 1700’s the idea was being formed again. In 1795, a military post was being planned and in 1803, Fort Dearborn was built and remained in operation until 1837.

With the opening of the Illinois and Michigan Canal in 1848 Chicago was the shipping hub between the Great Lakes to the Mississippi River. In the same year the Galena & Chicago Union Railroad was completed. This allowed Chicago to become the transportation hub of the United States with its road, rail, water. It also became a major air hub when that technology emerged in the 20th century. Chicago also became home to national retailers that used these connections.

The city grew to a population of over 90,000 within 20 years of its incorporation. But this wasn’t without many struggles. During this period the Chicago was considered my some as the filthiest city in America. But due to the determination of the people of the area they made changes (building a swere system and elevating the entire city).

Today the City of Chicago has a population of nearly 3 million and is the 3rd biggest city in the United States behind only New York and Los Angeles. It remains a major transportation hub and is a tourism destination drawing over 44 million people in 2006.


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