Caroline County, Maryland – The Green Garden County

By | Aug 6, 2008

Caroline County calls itself the Green Garden County and is the only county on Maryland’s Eastern Shore that is not bordered by a major waterway, although portions of the county are on the head waters of the Choptank River. The county was created in 1773 from portions of Dorchester and Talbot Counties.

The county takes her name from Lady Caroline Eden. Lady Eden was the wife of Maryland’s last colonial governor, Robert Eden as well as the daughter of Charles Calvert, Fifth Lord Baltimore, and the sister of Frederick Calvert, Sixth Lord Baltimore.

There are ten municipalities in Caroline with its county seat, Denton, being the first to incorporate in 1802. It was followed by Federalsburg in 1823, Greensboro in 1826, Hillsboro in 1853, Templesville in 1865, Preston in 1892, Ridgely in 1896, Goldsboro in 1906, Marydel in 1929, and Henderson in1949. Portions of Templeville is also located in Queen Anne’s County.

Denton is the county seat of Caroline County. The name Denton is a shorten version of Edenton, which was the original name of the town. It was called Edenton named after Robert Eden. The Museum of Rural Life, which tells about life on a farm, is located in the town.

Caroline County is one of the few counties in the United States that for 300 years existed with no other industry other than through market agriculture. Market agriculture is when farmers grow crops for sale to external markets.

With villages by the name of Harmony, Friendship and American Corner, it’s obvious that the county abounds with charm. It is also one of natural beauty with over five thousand acres of parkland and wildlife preserves. There are miles of trails for hiking, cycling and even canoeing. For those who game is a little gentler there are also golf courses to enjoy the outdoor life within the county.


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