Highs and Lows

By | May 22, 2008

Temperatures
1) The highest recorded temperature in the world was on September 13, 1922 at El Azzizia, Libya. It was 136 Degrees Fahrenheit/58 Degrees Celsius. This is two/one degrees higher than the 134/57 reading on July 10, 1913 at Death Valley California. The highest temperature recorded at the South Pole is 7.5/-14 on December 27, 1978.

2) The lowest recorded temperature in the world was on July 21, 1983 at Vostok in the Antarctic. It was -129 Degrees Fahrenheit/-89 Degrees Celsius. The 2nd lowest was recorded at two location in Russia. On February 6, 1933 at Oimekon, Russia and on February 6, 1892 at Verhoyansk, Russia it was recorded at -90/-68. On Mauna Kea, Hawaii the lowest recorded was 12/-11 on May 17, 1979.

3) Wind speeds
At 1:21 pm on April 12, 1934 a wind gust of 231 mph/372 kph was recorded on Mt Washington. Between noon and 1 pm of that day there were frequent values at 220 mph with gusts up to 229. The neatest challenge to this record occurred on December 16, 1997 on the Island of Guam when a gust was reported at 236 mph. However that measurement has never been substantiated due to accuracy of the meter at that speed.

First to reach the Poles:
4) North:
The North Pole lies on a Ice Mass above the Arctic Sea. On April 6, 1909 the expedition of Robert Peary, which included Matthew Henson and four Inuit men named Ootah, Seeglo, Egigingwah, and Ooqueah reached the area they determined to be the North Pole.

5) South Pole
The South Pole lies on the continent of Antarctica, and is the site of the US Amundsen-Scott South Pole Station, which was established in 1956 and has been permanently staffed since that date. The first to reach this part of the world is credited to Norwegian Roald Amundsen when he and his party reached the point on December 14, 1911.

Admiral Richard Byrd is credited to be the first to fly over each of the poles. The South Pole flight was on November 29, 1929 and the North Pole was on May 9, 1926.

6) Deepest sea dive
On January 23, 1960, the Trieste, a bathyscaphe, designed by Swiss scientist Augste Piccard, reached the bottom of the Challenger Deep in the Pacific Ocean’s Marianas Trench. This is thought to be the deepest undersea location. The depth of this record was 35,810 feet and since that time no one has come within 10,000 feet of this depth. At that depth the pressure exceeds 16,000 pounds per square inch.


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