About the Islamic Religion

By | Dec 27, 2007

1) Islam is a one deity religion based upon the teachings the 7th century Arab religious and political leader Muhammad. It is the second-largest religion in the world with an estimated 1.4 billion followers. The followers are known as Muslims. Only about 20% reside in the Arab countries. 69% of the Muslims reside in Asia, and less than 1% in North America.

2) It is the Muslim belief that the God Allah gave the Qur’an to his final Prophet, Muhammad. They believe that the Qur’an was revealed by the Angel Gabriel. The Islamic text show that Judaism and Christianity are prophetic successor in the teachings of Abraham.

3) Muslims believe that the Virgin Mary (Miriam) gave a miraculous birth to Jesus and he is one of God’s prophets. There is even a chapter in the Qur’an named for Mary.

4) The Muslims follow the Five Pillars of Islam. The first pillar, Shahadah, says “I testify that there is none more worthy of worship except God and I testify that Muhammad is the Messenger of God.” The second pillar, Salat requires them to pray at fixed times five times a day facing toward Mecca. The third, Zakat, is charity giving to the poor based upon the wealth one has accumulated. The fourth, Sawm is that during the month of Ramadan they are to abstain from food, drink and sexual intercourse from dawn to dusk. The fifth, Hajj is the pilgrimage during the month of Dhu al-Hijah in Mecca. Each Muslim who can afford it is obliged to make the pilgrimage at least once in their lifetime.

5) There are a number of Islamic religious denominations. The major schools are Sunni and Shi’a. The Sunni is the largest with present estimates of approximately 85%. The Shi’a with approximately 15% differ from the Sunni in that they reject the authority of the first three caliphs, Islamic leaders, and feels that only descendants of Muhammad should be given this right.

6) The act of terrorism cannot be justified under any valid interpretation of the Qur’an. It speaks a message of hope, faith and peace through the faith in God. Only by using snippets of verses used out of context can those using the Qur’an to justify their actions.


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2 Comments so far
  1. seneca January 22, 2007 6:31 am

    I have read an English translation of the Koran and the book clearly exhorts no one to terrorism or anything close to it.

    Some will take a line out-of-context and use it to show what barbarians the Muslims are. There are a thousand times more of those lines in the Bible.

    Are you sure that the final Prophet is Muhammad? I thought Muslims believe him to be the greatest Prophet, but the final Prophet is the Mahdi.

    Over the centuries many claiming to be the Mahdi have appeared, but, alas, were not the Mahdi.

    Winston Churchill, as a young Cavalry lieutenant, fought bravely in the Sudan in a failed effort to save Charles Gordon in Khartoum from beheading by the then-claimed Mahdi.

    Seneca

  2. Steven G. Atkinson January 22, 2007 12:22 pm

    Mahdi will arise someday before the day of Judgment and has not arrived. At least that’s the way I understand it. I am not a Muslim, but only gathered these from research so I may not be totally accurate.

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