About Presidential Impeachment

By | Feb 17, 2007

1)  Impeachment is defined as a criminal proceeding against a public official by a legislative body.

2)  The United States Constitution in Article II, section 4 provides that “the President, Vice President and all civil Officers of the United States, shall be removed from Office on Impeachment for, and Conviction of, Treason, Bribery, or other high Crimes and Misdemeanors.”

3)  Article I, section 3 of the Constitution give the House of Representatives “sole Power of Impeachment,”.

4)  According to Article I, section 3, “The Senate shall have the sole Power to try all Impeachments. When sitting for that Purpose, they shall be on Oath or Affirmation. When the President of the United States is tried, the Chief Justice shall preside: And no Person shall be convicted without the Concurrence of two-thirds of the Members present.”

5)  The penalties for impeachment in the Constitution in Article I, section 3 are “Judgment in Cases of Impeachment shall not extend further than to removal from Office, and disqualification to hold and enjoy any Office of honor, Trust or Profit under the United States: but the Party convicted shall nevertheless be liable and subject to Indictment, Trial, Judgment and Punishment, according to Law.”  The Constitution also in Article II, section 2 denies the president from granting a pardon “in Cases of Impeachment.”

6)  Few federal officers have been impeached. The first was Supreme Court Judge John Pickering who was removed in 1803. Two United States President have been Impeached.  Andrew Johnson and Bill Clinton, both were acquitted.  the house was in the process of bringing impeachment charges against Richard Nixon, when he resigned the office of President.


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