Maryland formally recognizes March 25th, as the day of its founding. It was on that day in 1634 that the first settlers sent by Cæcilius Calvert, 2nd Lord Baltimore established the first settlement in land chartered to the Calvert’s.
When those first settlers arrived there were already pockets of settlers on lands that would become Maryland. In August of 1631 William Claiborne, a resident of the Virginia colony of Jamestown, founded a settlement near the southern end of the the largest island of the Chesapeake Bay. The trading post bore his name and was established with the purpose of trading with Native Americans. He named the island Kent Island after his birthplace of Kent, England.
Mathias de Sousa listed in records as a Mulatto was of probable African and Portuguese descent. He was one of nine indentured servants at that settlement. His indenture service ended in 1638 and he became a full free member of the colony becoming a mariner and fur trader. As a freeman he was allowed to participate and vote in the colonial assembly.
Most people know that the Mason/Dixon line is the border between Maryland and Pennsylvania. It is also the the border between Maryland and Delaware. In the mid 1760’s when Charles Mason and Jeremiah Dixon performed the survey to resolve the border dispute between the two Colonies, Delaware was still considered to be part of Pennsylvania.
Maryland has two official sports. Jousting became the official sport in 1962. In 2004 lacrosse became the official team sport in Maryland. Lacrosse is a native North American sport with its origins coming from a game played by native tribes.
The Smith Island Cake was designated as Maryland’s official dessert in 2008. The Smith Island Cake is a multi-layered (8-15) cake with icing between each thin layer. The most common flavor is yellow cake with chocolate icing, but there are many variations.
The Virginia’s House of Burgesses was meeting in Saint John’s Church in Richmond, Virginia on March 23, 1775 when Patrick Henry addressed the assembled. Virginia was still undecided on whether they would join their Northern neighbors in Massachusetts in fighting the British.
At the end of his speech he had convinced Virginia to send troops to New England. It was this speech that he is credited with saying, “Give me Liberty, or Give me Death”.
Did he actually utter these words? It wasn’t until 1816, seventeen years after Patrick Henry’s death, that Henry’s biographer William Wirt first published the text for that speech. With no notes available Wirt had corresponded with men who had heard the speech and others who were acquainted with people who were there at the time to recreate it.
According to Wirt the crowd convinced, jumped up and shouted “To Arms! To Arms!”
Patrick Henry may have been one of the key Virginia’s in favor of removing the colonies from the rule of George III, who he called at times a Tyrant, a fool, a puppet & tool to the Ministry, but when it came time to adopt the Constitution he led a movement in Virginia to vote against its ratification. He felt it gave the federal government too much power. Once the Constitution was adopted he was instrumental in forcing the adoption of the Bill of Rights to amend the new Constitution.
George Washington did offer Henry the post of Secretary of State in 1795 to replace Edmund Randolph. Henry was still opposed to the views of Washington and declined the post. With the radicalism of the French Revolution Henry’s views changed. He feared that the same could happen in America and began supporting the Federalist policies of Washington and Adams.
Spring 2017 officially arrives at March 20, 6:29 A.M. EDT.
The beach at Ocean City, Maryland will be one of the first places on the Delmarva Peninsula where the sunrise on the first day of spring will rise at 7:01:57 am. The Sun will set at 7:13:00 pm giving the area just over 12 hours of day light. Only a few days earlier on March 16th the day was just a minute over 12 hours and the night nearly equaled the day. The closest it’s been that way in 2017.
Some things that are termed spring may have begun before this date and others afterward. Baseball Spring training usually begins in the last couple weeks in February. College Spring Breaks are almost always in March, but some are before the Spring Equinox and others are after. Easter can be on either side of Spring. This year it’s on April 5th.
On the Delmarva Peninsula the Osprey, which migrated south for the winter, returns just shortly before the first day of Spring. Often around St Patrick’s Day. The Canada Goose which arrives on the Peninsula in the winter have already migrated North.
Spring is the time for rebirth and farmers will begin sowing their crops and spring flowers beginning to push themselves out of the ground.
The old saying is that March comes in like a Lion and leaves like a Lamb. It’s around the Spring Equinox that the transition from Lion to lamb begins. Although in many places in the US March was more pleasant than on the Spring Equinox.
Wishing everyone a very “Happy Spring”.
March 18 is the anniversary of the birth of Edward Everett Horton. It’s possible that you don’t know who he is, but nearly everyone over the age of 50 will be familiar with his voice. He was the narrator of the Fracture Fairy Tales from the Rocky and Bullwinkle Show.
Horton was born in 1886 and died 84 years later on September 29, 1970. He had a long entertainment career beginning on the Vaudeville stage in 1906 then on Broadway, motion pictures, radio and television.
Even though he is perhaps best remembered for his narration of Fracture Fairy Tales, he is also considered a master of the supporting role, appearing in many films of the 1930’s. His film career began in silent pictures with his last role in the film Cold Turkey, released after his death. He also appeared as Medicine Man Roaring Chicken in the 60’s TV series F-Troop.
Horton developed his own variation of the double-take for his supporting roles. He would smile and nod in agreement when encountering a possible embarrassing situation and once he realized what was happening his face turned into a sober, trouble mask.
Edward Everett Hale, author of The Man Without a Country was Horton’s grandfather and he was named after him. Horton used his full name as his stage name through the encouragement of his father, who said there may be others using the name Edward Horton, but no one else else would be using Edward Everett Horton.
After his death the city of Los Angeles named a street in the district where he lived Edward Everett Horton Lane in his honor.
As was discovered once the War for Independence was over the first Law of the United States, the Articles of Confederation, lacked the teeth for a good central government. It was however the first Law of the Land for the United States and on November 15, 1777 the Second Continental Congress approved them.
The Articles couldn’t go into effect until all 13 of the colonies agreed. The last State to ratify the document was Maryland on March 1, 1781. This was more than three years after Congress had passed the Articles and six months before the Battle of Yorktown.
The Articles served as the “Law of Land” from March 1, 1781, until March 4, 1789 when a newly adopted Constitution went into effect. What is know known as the Constitutional Convention began it was with the thoughts to amend the Articles, although it was decided quickly that they would work to throw out the Articles of Confederation and start anew.
Only two men signed the three major documents of the United States, the Declaration of Independence, Articles of Confederation and the US Constitution. These were Roger Sherman of Connecticut and Robert Morris of Pennsylvania. In addition to these John Dickinson of Delaware and Daniel Carroll of Maryland signed both the Articles of Confederation and the US Constitution.
The Articles called for a President of the United States in Congress Assembled. There were 16 Presidents of the United States in Congress Assembled with 8 of these after March 1, 1781. That’s why some consider John Hansen, the first President of the United States in Congress Assembled as the nations first President. But these Presidents were not a chief executive but the leader of Congress.
Copy of the Articles of Confederation can be read at www.usconstitution.net/articles.html
Have you been wondering who released the first Dixieland Jazz record? You don’t have to look any farther. The answer to that would be the Original Dixieland Jass Band. They recorded the song Livery Stable Blues and Dixie Jass Band One Step on February 26, 1917 for the Victor Talking Machine Company.
The Original Dixieland Jazz Band, they changed the spelling of Jass to Jazz later in 1917, billed themselves as the “Creators of Jazz”. They were a group of white musicians who copied African-American southern music. The billing as the “Creators of Jazz” was more of a marketing slogan than anything else.
This first record was first marketed as a novelty. It did give many people their first taste of jazz and soon became a hit. It went on to sell over a million copies.
Nick La Rocca, who played trumpet, lead the band with Larry Shields on clarinet; Eddie Edwards on trombone; Tony Sbarbaro on drums and Henry Ragas on the piano.
The Band would record many more songs in an on and off career that would last until after World War II. The songs they recorded up until 1920 were in a variety of styles including traditional square dance. Their specialty was frantic group improvisation.
In 2006 the band was inducted into the Grammy Hall of Fame for their 1917 recording of the Darktown Strutter’s Ball.
Mabel Normand was born on November 9, 1892, in New Brighton, Staten Island, New York. Her parents were Mary Drury Normand and Claude G. Normand. There are accounts that give her birth as November 10, with the year given usually being 1894 or 1895. Of their children, only four survived childbirth: Ralph, Claude, Jr., Gladys, and Mabel; and of these, Ralph died in his teens of tuberculosis.
She worked as a bit player at D.W. Griffith’s American Mutoscope and Biograph film company in New York. In the winter of 1911-1912, Griffith took the main Biograph company, including Mabel, to California. Having met Mack Sennett in New York, when he relocated to California and started Keystone Film Company, she joined him.
Normand is regarded as “The Queen of Comedy” and the “Female Chaplin”. She was an actress and comedienne unique to movie history because of the role she played in the earliest development of American film comedy. It is said that she was the first to throw a cream pie into the face of Fatty Arbuckle on film creating a classic comedy routine. She worked in a series of films called the “Fatty and Mabel” comedies.
In 1916 she left Keystone to form her own company; Mabel Normand Feature Film Company. The company was short lived and only produced one film, Mickey, which sat undistributed for a year. She signed in 1918 with Goldwyn Films.
1921-1923 would be disaster years for Normand. In 1921 her good friend Fatty Arbuckle was tried for rape and murder. Then on February 1, 1922 shortly after leaving the home of director William Desmond Taylor, he was murdered. Mabel was the last, other than the murderer, to see him alive and was closely scrutinized by police and the media. In 1923 she was involved in another scandal when her chauffeur Joe Kelly shot and wounded Courtland Dines, one of her many friends.
Towards the end of the 1920’s Normand’s health declined. After an extended stay in a sanitarium she died from tuberculosis in Monrovia, California at age 38 on February 23, 1930.
Launched May 8, 1961 with Alan Shepard aboard. The flight put the first man in space. It lasted 15 minutes 28 seconds. The flight did not orbit the earth.
Liberty Bell 7
Launched July 21, 1961 with Virgil (Gus) Grissom aboard. Second flight into space, but it too was a non-orbital flight lasting 15 minutes 37 seconds. The capsule sunk when the hatch flew off before the rescue helicopter attached onto it. Grissom along with Edward White and Roger Chaffee was killed in the capsule fire of Apollo 1 on January 27, 1967. These were first lives lost in the American Space program.
Launched February 20, 1962 with John Glenn aboard. The flight lasted 4 hours 55 minutes 23 seconds and was the first time an American orbited the earth in outer space. It lasted 3 of the scheduled 7 orbits. There was concerns about the heat shield.
Launched May 24, 1962 with Scott Carpenter aboard. The flight lasted for 4 hours 56 minutes 23 seconds lasting 3 orbits. This was originally was to be Deke Slayton’s flight, however he developed an irregular heartbeat and was the only one of the Mercury Seven, not to go into space in a Mercury spacecraft. Slayton was later reinstated and flew in space in 1975.
Launched October 3, 1962 with Wally Schirra aboard. The flight lasted 9 hours 13 minutes 11 seconds for 6 orbits. Schirra was the only person to go into space in the Mercury, Gemini and Apollo programs.
Launched May 15, 1963 with Gordon Cooper aboard. The flight lasted for 1 day 10 hours 19 minutes 49 seconds. Gordon was the first American to be in space for over a day and was the last American to fly into space and orbit solo. This turned out to be the last Mercury flight. Alan Shepard had been scheduled to take the Freedom 7-II to space in October 1963 when the Mercury program was canceled.
The song Ghost Riders in The Sky was written in 1948 by Stan Jones (1914-1963) while he was working in Death Valley for the National Park Service. During that summer he was assigned to the movie crew that was filming The Walking Hills as a technical adviser. He would play his songs for them while on breaks and they encouraged him to sell the songs and went to music publishers to try to sell the songs.
Shortly after the beginning of 1949, Burl Ives heard the song and decided to record it on February 16, 1949 reaching the charts on April 22 peaking at number 21. Also in 1949 the song was recorded by Bing Crosby on March 22, 1949 reaching the charts on May 6 with it peaking at number 16.
But it was Vaughn Monroe’s version recorded on March 14 reaching the charts on April 15 that reached the number 1 position. In fact it was the biggest record of 1949. When it was recorded in 1949 it was called Riders in the Sky (A Cowboy Legend)
Gene Autry thought so much of the song that he crafted a movie based on it. He also recorded the version that was used in the movie.
In 1949 alone at least six performers recorded the song and since that time it has been recorded numerous times in each of the succeeding decades. Johnny Cash recorded a version in 1979. On 1988 he performed a duet of the song with Willie Nelson on VH1 Storytellers. On that version Willie Nelson did the 4th verse instead of the third.
The song appeared in the movie Ghost Rider with Nicholas Cage. The song was incorporated into the soundtrack. A few times during the movie you could hear the guitar riff and it featured perfectly when the ‘Ghost Riders’ made their 500 mile journey through the desert. A nearly 5 minute version of the song done by the group Spiderbait ran during the closing credits.
The telegraph was invented by Samuel Morse in 1835 and it was Alexander Graham Bell’s intention to improve on the telegraph that lead to his invention of the telephone. It was on March 10, 1876 when Bell in one room and his assistant Thomas Watson in another when he shouted the words, ‘Mr. Watson – come here – I want to see you’ into the transmitter. Watson was able to hear what was said and reported back to Bell the exact words. With this the first working telephone was born.
Bell’s experiments with the telegraph was an attempt to transmit multiple messages over the same wire at the same time. He felt that this could be done if each signal would have it’s own different pitch.
On the same day, February 14, 1876, Bell and Elisha Gray with his Western Electric Manufacturing Company, submitted their patients to the United States Patient Office in Washington DC. Bell’s paperwork with application fee was completed first, Gray’s caveat was entered first, but his filing fee was entered after Bell’s. On March 7, 1876, three days before the successful experiment, Bell received Patent Number 174,465.
Gray would file lawsuits challenging Bell’s patent. He would lose them all, mainly because it was determined that he failed to take actions to complete his caveat until others had demonstrated a working unit. Gray still wasn’t left in the dark since he did receive a patent for the telautograph, a way to transmit handwriting through telegraph systems. It can be called the first fax machine
The Bell Telephone Company was created in 1877 and by 1886, 10 years after the first voice transmission, over 150,000 people in the United States owned telephones.
There really isn’t a sole inventor of the telephone. Bell’s ideas closely resembled Gray’s. The telephone’s transmitter was greatly improved when Edison’s carbon microphone was introduced. Not to mention that the entire idea of the telephone is really just an improvement and enhancement of Morse’s telegraph.